11. Can what is "only a little" false be the object of faith?
No. "[N]othing false can be the object of faith." (Turretin, Institutes, 71)
12. Should the notion of divine creation be an object of faith?
Yes, because the Jesus Christ made it. (John 1:1-3)
13. Should 13.6 billion years be the object of faith?
No. Such a conclusion is based almost entirely if not entirely on human observation which is at best "only a little" false, i.e. not absolutely true.
14. Should 6,000-10,000 years be the object of faith?
No. This also contains an aggregate of human observation.
15. Should 6 days be the object of faith?
Yes, because there can be no doubt via faith that Scripture says 6 days.
16. Why is faith more trustworthy and therefore more certain than observation?
Because faith is a supernatural gift of God which moves the will to move the intellect to assent to the seemingly impossible (e.g. the parting of the Red Sea, the resurrection of the dead, and the feeding of the 5,000.)
17. Example: Should seeing and touching the resurrected Jesus count as faith?
No. Faith is the "substance of things hoped for and the evidence of things not seen." (Hebrews 11:1) Faith moves the will to move the intellect to assent to the truth that fullness of the Godhead dwells in what appears to be a common Jewish man.
18. When the Creator was manifest in the flesh He was despised, rejected, and crucified because of a lack of faith. Why then is it reasonable to conclude that reason via observation will do any better when view the Creator's creation?
In sum, TE predicates ~13.6 billion years and therefore predicates primarily on human observation. Take away the ~13.6 billion years and the argument for TE disappears. It loses its distinction and ability to oppose other Christian positions on the topic. TE maintains that God created the universe in ~13.6 billion years. Without the "~13.6 billion years" all that remains is, God created the universe. Whereas the Bible says "6 days," therefore by faith the believing community can say with certainty, God created the universe in 6 days. On the one hand, ~13.6 billion years cannot be the object of faith. On the other hand, 6 days can and is an object of faith and is therefore more certain and authoritative.
"Although reason concurs in educing consequences, it does not follow that faith is established by reason; as, although faith cometh by hearing, yet the senses are not the foundation of faith; faith uses reason, is not built on it." (Turretin, Institutes, 40)
See Theistic Evolution (TE) and Six Literal 24 hour Sequential Days (Part I) for the first installment of this argument.